People who work in Human Resources (HR) have a wide range of job roles and responsibilities. HR encompasses many functions related to managing a workforce, including recruiting, training, and supporting employees. HR professionals also oversee performance evaluations, promotions, employee improvement plans, company policies, and employee benefits.
To work in HR, you must be a people person. You should enjoy interacting with and helping others. Listening and being patient is essential. You’ll also need to be able to manage sensitive information and stay calm amidst conflict or challenging situations. If you think HR might be a good fit for you, here are 10 common types of jobs within the HR field.
1. HR Generalist
HR generalists perform a range of HR functions, including recruitment, onboarding, employee relations, benefits administration, performance management, and compliance. They are often the main point of contact for staff and managers on HR-related matters.
Recruiters are responsible for finding and attracting qualified candidates to fill job openings within the organization. They post job listings, review resumes, conduct interviews, and manage the selection process. Recruiters may use various strategies to source candidates, build relationships with potential candidates, and optimize recruitment processes.
3. HR Manager
HR managers oversee HR operations and strategy within an organization. They coordinate HR functions, manage HR staff, develop policies, and ensure compliance with labor laws and regulations.
4. Employee Relations Specialist
Employee relations specialists focus on maintaining positive relationships between employees and the organization. They handle conflicts, mediate disputes, and work to create a productive and harmonious work environment.
5. Compensation and Benefits Specialist
These specialists are in charge of compensation and benefits programs. They analyze market data to ensure competitive pay, design benefits packages, and administer payroll-related tasks.
6. Training and Development Specialist
Training and development specialists design and implement programs to enhance employee skills and knowledge. They may conduct educational workshops, seminars, and online training sessions.
7. HR Coordinator
HR coordinators assist in various HR tasks, such as scheduling interviews, maintaining personnel records, coordinating events, and providing administrative support to the HR team.
8. HR Analyst
HR analysts collect and analyze HR data to provide insights for strategic decision-making. They might analyze turnover rates, employee engagement, and other metrics. This information helps HR teams and organizational leaders know where to create and improve policies.
9. Diversity and Inclusion Specialist
Diversity and inclusion specialists promote diversity and equality within the workplace. They develop initiatives, policies, and training programs to create a more inclusive company culture.
10. Labor Relations Specialist
Labor relations specialists handle interactions between management and labor unions or employee associations. They negotiate labor contracts, address grievances, and ensure compliance with labor laws.
Want to learn more about how HR operates in organizations?
These are just a few examples of the many roles within the HR field. Depending on the size and industry of an organization, the HR department's structure and job opportunities may vary. Additionally, specialized roles can emerge as HR adapts to changing workplace trends and technologies.
Individuals who work in HR often have an educational background in business or psychology. More specialized or advanced positions may require a master’s degree in human resources management. If you’re interested in expanding your knowledge to prepare to pursue a career in HR, South University can assist you on your journey. Our admissions representatives are here to talk with you about your goals and help you find the program that’s right for you. Request information now to learn more!
South University does not promise or guarantee employment or salary amounts.